The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching was established in 1905 and chartered in 1906 by an act of Congress as an independent policy and research center called to “do and perform all things necessary to encourage, uphold, and dignify the profession of the teacher and the cause of higher education.” This archive site is a repository of selected essays, publications, and other resources generated in some of the earlier work of the Foundation. As content has been consolidated this material has been collected here and organized into the sections listed below.